How To Make A Basic Terrarium In 9 Easy Steps

Terrariums are an incredibly popular decoration for home and office spaces. They make great gifts and can be grown in various shapes, sizes, and colors.

If you’ve ever been a fan of the movie “The Secret Garden,” you’ll feel right at home with this project! Terrariums are simple, effective ways to brighten up any indoor space and require only a few simple materials for assembly. Terrariums are great for indoor and outdoor decoration. They can be put as a centerpiece on your dining table or sideboard, or in the corner of a room to give it some color and life. Terrariums are also perfect for those who don’t have much natural light in their rooms.

In this post, we’ll show you how to make an attractive, low-maintenance terrarium that will be the perfect decoration for your desk or office. You don’t need any expertise to successfully cultivate a terrarium; these nine steps will show you how to make the most basic type of terrarium that is both easy to construct and stands out from other containers.

What Is a Terrarium?

A terrarium is an interior mini yard restricted within a glass container that is typically secured to develop an environment that is greatly self-reliant. The term “terrarium” consists of the Latin words “terra” (planet) + “arium” (location, or receptacle).

Before Getting Started

Bigger terrariums can manage houseplants that are rather bigger yet stay clear of fast-growing varieties or those that produce big fallen leaves that will certainly obstruct light required by the smaller plants. When taking into consideration terrarium plants, seek plants that prosper in reduced light. For aesthetic allure, select a mix of fallen leaves’ dimensions, appearance, and shade.

Select plants that will not mind the normally moist setting of a terrarium. Prevent cactus and also succulents in a confined terrarium–those plants function best in completely open containers full of a potting mix consisting of a lot of crude sand.

What You’ll Need


• A big spoon or a garden trowel

Small garden snips or scissors for trimming plant roots

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+ Bottle of spray


-Glass container without any water drainage openings, with or without a lead

+ Clean fish tank crushed rock or smashed rock

+ Activated charcoal (found in a baby room or pet supply store)

+ Terrarium plants

+ Potting mix that is clean and sterile

Sheet moss

+ Attractive features (optional)


Select a Container

Picking your container and plants is half the fun of making a terrarium. There are several specialized terrarium containers that you can acquire, including some that resemble small Victorian greenhouses or sunrooms that cost thousands of dollars.

However, you can make a terrarium out of almost any clear (glass or plastic) container with a large mouth (with or without a cover).Appropriate containers consist of fish tanks, fish bowls, Wardian instances, conservatories, bell containers, tureens, apothecary containers, cloches, mason containers, glass cookie containers, and also huge brandy snifters.

A broad opening permits you to fit your hand right into the container to include water drainage products, dirt, plants, as well as attractive components (coverings, porcelain figurines, or accessories).


Open terrariums are much less likely to experience trouble with condensation and also fungal plant conditions than closed terrariums.

Choose the Plant Kingdoms

The majority of yard facilities supply small plants for terrariums, in some cases in the area of the shop including fairy yard devices. Select terrarium plants with numerous vegetation kinds and also elevations that are tiny sufficient to suit your container, ideally without touching the sides of the terrarium.

Add Drainage Layers

A terrarium container does not have drain openings, so you’ll need to develop a drain layer to maintain water far from plant origins. Begin with a 2-inch layer of crushed rock or smashed rock in the all-time low of the terrarium. A high, slim terrarium will certainly need a much deeper layer of drain rocks than a wide, superficial container.

Next, using a large spoon or trowel, add a 1/4-inch to 1/2-inch layer of activated charcoal on top of the rocks to aid with drainage and also to control any odors.

Add moss and potting mix.

Next off, include a layer of sheet moss over the rocks as well as charcoal to maintain the next layer, the potting dirt, from blending in. The moss additionally adds an aesthetic rate of interest to your terrarium.

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With a huge spoon or a little trowel, add a little wet, clean, and sterile potting dirt in addition to the moss. Do not make use of potting soil combined with plant food that is currently included; terrarium plants do not require the added plant food.

Include as much potting mix as you can—at the very least a number of inches. Maintain the dirt level low enough to ensure that the plants will fit inside the container with room to expand, but without touching the top of a closed terrarium.

Prepare the plants

Prior to planting, select the layout of your terrarium. Pick the places where you’ll put high as well as short plants as well as where you’ll develop piles and also dips in the dirt to develop fascinating shapes.

Get rid of the plants from their baby room pots. If a plant is rootbound, tease the roots apart or utilize a set of tiny yard ships to cut off a few of the longer roots. Getting rid of some roots (called origin trimming) will certainly hamper a plant’s development, which is crucial when expanding plants within the boundaries of a terrarium. Additionally, cut off any yellowed or broken fallen leaves.

Add Plants

Get rid of any kind of excess dirt left on the plants. Make use of a lengthy spoon or your fingers to dig a growing opening for every plant. Aerate each plant in its opening as well as carefully pat the dirt to get rid of air pockets as well as protect each plant securely in the potting tool.


If the terrarium has a slim opening, use chopsticks, tongs, or long tweezers to position the plants right into the terrarium as well as pat them in. An idea from Tovah Martin’s publication, “The New Terrarium,” is to put a cork on the end of a skewer or chopstick to tamp down the dirt.

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Enhance the interior of the terrarium with tiny porcelain figurines, coverings, attractive rocks, or other odd accents placed among the plants if desired.

Fill the Terrarium with water.

Make use of a spray container or little watering can with a rose add-on on its spout to sprinkle the plants so they are simply damp, but not saturating damp. Utilize the spray container to wipe any kind of dust holding on to the glass sides of your container, which you can then wipe tidy with paper or a paper towel.

Water the Terrarium
Water the Terrarium

Keep the Plants Growing

A lot of terrariums will certainly do well in an area that gets lots of filtered light, but not in extreme straight sunlight, where the terrarium can fume sufficiently to cook the plants within. A few shady south-facing home windows can be perfect. If you do not have adequate all-natural filtering system sunshine, such as if your home is bordered by colored trees, synthetic expand lights will certainly assist your plants flourish.

LED or fluorescent synthetic illumination usually does not create much heat, so your plants can obtain as much light as they will certainly require to flourish.

It’s very easy to keep a terrarium. Do these 3 jobs every couple of weeks:

Feel the dirt to see if it’s completely dry as well as requiring water. Terrariums, both partially and completely enclosed, retain water significantly longer than the majority of potted houseplants.

Examine a shut terrarium for condensation. Remove the top at the very least once a month to boost air flow. Leave the mixture till the condensation vanishes. Additionally, remove the terrarium top if you have included excessive water.

Eliminate yellowing or damaged fallen leaves and also trim plants to a smaller size if they’re expanding too big for the container.

Never ever feed the plants in a terrarium. Terrariums supply their very own nutrients with the all-natural degeneration of the potting mix.” alt=”How to Make a Basic Terrarium” width=”660″ height=”439″ /> How to Make a Basic Terrarium

With these simple steps, you can easily make your own terrarium. All you need is a clear container, some plants, and some rocks or soil. Once you have all of your materials, simply follow the instructions above and in no time you will have a beautiful terrarium that will add life to any room.

By following the steps above, you should have a basic understanding of how to make a terrarium. This project is easy, cheap, and makes a great gift or home decoration. If you’re feeling adventurous, try adding different types of plants or stones to personalize your terrarium. With a little time and effort, you can create a beautiful and unique miniature garden that will bring you joy for years to come.

Terrariums are a fun and easy way to bring a bit of nature into your home, and they make great gifts, too! If you’re looking for a creative project to do with the kids or want to spruce up your home décor, try making your own terrarium. With just a few supplies and a little bit of know-how, you can create a beautiful mini-garden that will thrive indoors.

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